M.A. from Munich State University (1988) in East European History, Modern History, Political Science. Career: Researcher Analyst, Senior Researcher Analyst, Research Institute of Radio Free Europe / Radio Liberty, Munich (1982-1994); Project Leader, long term study on Soviet elite, Federal Institute for East European and International Studies, Cologne (1977-1986); Political Consultant, Rand Corporation, Santa Monica (1986-1991); Researcher Analyst, Research Institute of the German Council on Foreign Relations, Bonn (1994-1995); Head, Program Director, Russia/Eurasia, German Council on Foreign Relations, (1995- ).
Other affiliations, posts: Fellowship, USSR parliament, Moscow (1990); Fellowship, Institute for East-West Security Studies, New York (1990-1991); Regular commentator for Deutsche Welle, Radio Liberty, BBC; Consultant to the General Secretary of the Council of Europe (1993-98); Anchorman, TV-Program “Europe today”, Deutsche Welle (1999-2000); Coordinator, Russia-EU Forum for foreign and security policy (initiated by the EU Commission, now in cooperation with the Russian Presidential Administration) (1999- ); Member, Editorial Board, journal “Vestnik analitiki”, Moscow (2002- ); Member, Steering Committee, Petersburg Dialogue (2003- ); Honorary Professorship, Moscow State Institute for International Relations (MGIMO) (2003- ); Head, Working Group on Kaliningrad, German Council on Foreign Relations (2002- ). Awards: Federal Merit Cross (2003), Lomonosov Medal (2005). Books: Biographical books in German: „Gorbatschow. Der neue Mann“, Muenchen 1987 (2nd edition); „Wladimir Putin.
Der Deutsche im Kreml“, Muenchen 2000 (3rd edition, 2002). Experience: Leading expert on the post-soviet region in Germany; extensive network building in Russia and other CIS countries; organization of regular international conferences and seminars with high-level politicians from Russia, Germany, EU; monitoring and analyzing of situation in post-soviet space; extensive travels into countries of the post-soviet space; high-level contacts up to presidential levels, long year experience of cooperation with local politicians, scientists, analysts, journalists.